The Making of a Scientist Class 10 English Summary

The Making of a Scientist Class 10 English Summary is given below. By reading through the prose detailed summary, CBSE Class 10 students will be able to understand the chapter easily. Once the students finished reading the summary they can easily answer any questions related to the chapter. Students can also refer to CBSE Class 10 English Prose Summary notes – The Making of a Scientist for their revision during the exam.

CBSE Class 10 English The Making of a Scientist Summary

The Making of a Scientist Summary in both english and hindi is available here. This article starts with a discussion about the author and then explains the chapter in short and detailed fashion. Ultimately, the article ends with some difficult words and their meanings.

The Making of a Scientist – About the Author

Robert W Peterson was a famous American newspaper writer who later became a freelance author of magazine articles. He wrote with authority, particularly on the topics of sports and scouting. He was born in 1925 in Pennsylvania in the USA and died of lung cancer on 11 February 2006. 

Short Summary of The Making of a Scientist

The Making of a Scientist is the story of a scientist named Richard H Ebright. It is an interesting study of how Ebright became a scientist. After the early death of her husband, Ebright was everything for his mother. He used to get top grades in schools. At a very early age, when he was just in the second standard, he had already collected 25 species of butterflies found around his hometown. The book The Travels of Monarch X gave him a thorough knowledge about the monarch butterflies. In the second year of his high school, Ebright began to search for an unknown hormone in the gold spots of butterflies. In later years, he discovered how a cell could read the blueprint of its DNA. 

Summary of The Making of a Scientist in English

The Making of a Scientist’ is a story about the leading scientist Richard Ebright. He was a curious child right from the beginning years of his life. He had started collecting butterflies in his childhood and by the time he is in second grade, he had already gathered all the 25 species found in his hometown. Also, he collected coins, fossils, and rocks. One day his mother gave him a book named ‘The Travel of Monarch X’. This book has been a turning point in life and introduced him to the world of science. He experienced the real science in country science fair and moreover he understood that to win something he needs to do something extraordinary.

Later, for his eighth grade, he selected the assignment of finding the cause of viral sickness that killed almost all the monarch caterpillars every year. He thought that the cause for this could be a beetle, so, he rose caterpillars with the presence of beetles. However, he was wrong. Next year his project for the science fair was testing the theory that viceroy butterflies copy monarchs. His project got the first price in zoology division and third in country science fair.

In his second year of high school, Richard Ebright research led to his discovery of an unknown insect hormone which led to his new theory on the lives of cells. He tried to find the purpose of tiny golden spots on the back of monarch pupa. This project won first place in a country science fair and a chance to work in Walter Reed Army Institute of research.

As a high school student, he continued his advanced experiment and finally was able to identify hormones chemical structure. One day while looking at the Xray photos of the hormone he got the idea of his new theory that tells cells can read the blueprint of its DNA. Ebright and his roommate constructed the plastic model of a molecule to illustrate the working of DNA. It was a big leap forward and got published in a magazine. He graduated from Harvard with the highest honours.

He has other interest also like public speaking, debate and is also a canoeist and an outdoor person. Also, he was competitive but in good sense and always want to do his best. Moreover, he possesses all the traits of becoming a good scientist.

Moral of the making of a scientist

The story teaches us that with perseverance, dedication and hard work any dream is achievable.

Summary of The Making of a Scientist in Hindi

‘द मेकिंग ऑफ़ अ साइंटिस्ट’ प्रमुख वैज्ञानिक रिचर्ड एब्राइट की कहानी है। वह अपने जीवन के शुरुआती वर्षों से एक जिज्ञासु बच्चा था। उन्होंने अपने बचपन में तितलियों को इकट्ठा करना शुरू कर दिया था और जब तक वे दूसरी कक्षा में हैं, तब तक वह अपने गृहनगर में पाए जाने वाली सभी 25 प्रजातियों को पहले ही इकट्ठा कर चुके थे। इसके अलावा, उसने सिक्के, जीवाश्म और चट्टानें एकत्र कीं। एक दिन उनकी माँ ने उन्हें ‘द ट्रैवल ऑफ मोनार्क एक्स’ नाम की एक किताब दी। यह पुस्तक जीवन का एक महत्वपूर्ण मोड़ रही है और उसे विज्ञान की दुनिया से परिचित कराया। उन्होंने देश विज्ञान मेले में वास्तविक विज्ञान का अनुभव किया और इसके अलावा उन्होंने समझा कि कुछ जीतने के लिए उन्हें कुछ असाधारण करने की आवश्यकता है।

बाद में, अपनी आठवीं कक्षा के लिए, उन्होंने वायरल बीमारी का कारण खोजने का काम चुना, जिसने हर साल लगभग सभी सम्राट कैटरपिलर को मार दिया। उसने सोचा कि इसका कारण एक भृंग हो सकता है, इसलिए, उसने भृंग की उपस्थिति के साथ कैटरपिलर को गुलाब दिया। हालाँकि, वह गलत था। अगले साल विज्ञान मेले के लिए उनकी परियोजना इस सिद्धांत का परीक्षण कर रही थी कि वायसराय तितलियों ने सम्राट की नकल की। उनकी परियोजना को प्राणि विज्ञान विभाग में पहला और देश विज्ञान मेले में तीसरा स्थान मिला।

हाई स्कूल के अपने दूसरे वर्ष में, रिचर्ड एब्राइट ने एक अज्ञात कीट हार्मोन की खोज की जिसके कारण कोशिकाओं के जीवन पर उनके नए सिद्धांत का जन्म हुआ। उसने सम्राट प्यूपा की पीठ पर छोटे सुनहरे धब्बों के उद्देश्य को खोजने की कोशिश की। इस परियोजना ने देश विज्ञान मेले में पहला स्थान हासिल किया और वाल्टर रीड आर्मी इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ रिसर्च में काम करने का मौका मिला।

हाई स्कूल के छात्र के रूप में, उन्होंने अपने उन्नत प्रयोग को जारी रखा और अंत में हार्मोन रासायनिक संरचना की पहचान करने में सक्षम थे। एक दिन हार्मोन की एक्सरे तस्वीरों को देखने के दौरान उन्हें अपने नए सिद्धांत का विचार आया जो बताता है कि कोशिकाएं इसके डीएनए का खाका पढ़ सकती हैं। एब्राइट और उनके रूममेट ने डीएनए के काम को चित्रित करने के लिए एक अणु के प्लास्टिक मॉडल का निर्माण किया। यह एक बड़ी छलांग थी और एक पत्रिका में प्रकाशित हुई। उन्होंने हार्वर्ड से सर्वोच्च सम्मान के साथ स्नातक किया।

उनकी अन्य रुचि भी है जैसे सार्वजनिक बोलना, वाद-विवाद करना और एक कैनोविस्ट और एक बाहरी व्यक्ति भी है। इसके अलावा, वह प्रतिस्पर्धी था लेकिन अच्छे अर्थों में और हमेशा अपना सर्वश्रेष्ठ प्रदर्शन करना चाहता था। इसके अलावा, वह एक अच्छा वैज्ञानिक बनने के सभी लक्षणों के पास है।

Difficult Words and their Meanings

Scout = member of an organisation  excited = ecstatic cells = a very minute unit of living matter string = line  kindergarten = school for children determination = firmness of purpose fossils= prehistoric remains astronomer = one who studies astronomy Curiosity = inquisitiveness telescopes = device to view far away objects microscopes = device to see very minute objects physical = relating to the body  hairstreak = a butterfly species purplish = having purple colour Melissa = a butterfly species variegated = having lines of different colours  crescent = shaped like the half moon  hackberry = a butterfly species monarch = a butterfly species Ouch migrate = move from one place to the other collector = one who collects things 

Adhesive = sticky tagged = attached string chase = follow  flock = group basement = caterpillar = larva of a butterfly  pupa = early stage of a butterfly adult = fully grown development = growth gossamer-winged = having very thin wings  eventually = tedious , tough, boring feedback = response recaptured = caught again 

Slides = small thin glass strips tissues = mass of cells  neat = clean display = show stack = many viral disease = disease caused by virus  beetle = an insect  copy = imitate  starling = a bird probably = perhaps Insect hormone = hormone of an insect  tiny = small spots = marks assumed = thought ornamental = decorative excellent = superb device = an instrument entomology = science dealing with insects culture = a process of testing fed = gave food sophisticated = advanced  identify = to know  structure = construction puzzles = problems blueprint = basis 

Nucleus =centre heredity =coming from forefathers molecules = smallest units processes = methods preventing = hindering champion debater = superb in debates canoeist = sailor of a small boat exhibits = displays competitive = the spirit of competition  ingredients = contents