The Necklace Class 10 English Summary

The Necklace Class 10 English Summary is given below. By reading through the prose detailed summary, CBSE Class 10 students will be able to understand the chapter easily. Once the students finished reading the summary they can easily answer any questions related to the chapter. Students can also refer to CBSE Class 10 English Prose Summary notes – The Necklace for their revision during the exam.

CBSE Class 10 English The Necklace Summary

The Necklace Summary in both english and hindi is available here. This article starts with a discussion about the author and then explains the chapter in short and detailed fashion. Ultimately, the article ends with some difficult words and their meanings.

The Necklace – About the Author

Guy De Maupassant was a great writer of France. He is considered to be one of the best short story writers of the world. He was born on 5 August 1850 at the Chateau de Miromesnil, in France. Maupassant was a representative of the naturalist school of writers. He depicts human lives often in pessimistic terms. Many of his stories were written during the Franco-Prussian War of the 1870s. He describes the futility of wars and violence that take thousands of innocent lives. He wrote more than 300 short stories, 6 novels, travel books and even poetry. 

Short Summary of The Necklace

`The Necklace’ is a mild satire but with a strong message. It is ridiculous for people of ordinary means to copy the rich. One should live within one’s means. Otherwise, he or she invites unnecessary problems, anxieties and confusion in his or her life.
The main message of the story is that we should be what we are. False pride is the cause of our sufferings. The loss of a false necklace by Mrs. Loisel was not a big loss. Things could have been settled right if she had confessed the loss of the necklace to the owner, Madame Forestier. This small lapse or mistake of Mrs. Loisel makes her whole life miserable and dark. And the irony was that the cause of all these sufferings was a false necklace.

Summary of The Necklace in English

Matilda was a pretty lady, born in a poor family. She was married to a clerk. She suffered a lot of misery as she felt that she had been born for better things. All day, she would be daydreaming of luxurious houses, dainty dinners, elegant dresses and beautiful jewellery.

One day, her husband came home very happy. He had an invitation to a Ball for both of them from the Minister of Public Instruction. He thought his wife would be happy, but she only got angry and threw the invitation card on the table. On being asked why she reacted in such a manner, she replied that she did not have proper dress for the party. Her loving husband gave her all the money he had set aside to buy a gun.

When the dress was ready, Matilda’s husband saw that still she was not happy. On being asked the reason, she said that she had no jewels. Exasperated, her husband asked her to wear fresh flowers. When she refused to do so, in desperation he told her to borrow jewellery from her dear friend — Mrs. Forestier. Matilda borrowed a diamond necklace from her. She was a great hit at the party. Everyone admired her. She danced till 4 a.m. and then went home tired, but happy.

On reaching home, she decided to take a final look at herself. She was terribly shocked when she found the necklace was missing. They looked everywhere for it, but it was nowhere to be found. They went to the police and also put an advertisement in the papers. In the meantime, they wrote to Madame Forestier that the clasp was broken and also that they would get the necklace repaired and return it.

When the necklace was not found, they decided to replace it with a similar necklace. They bought it for forty thousand Francs, and had to take a loan for it.

In order to repay the loan, they took a rented room and turned away the maid. All the household work was done by Matilda. Mr. Loisel took up overtime work to save money. This life continued for almost ten long years, by the end of which Mrs. Loisel looked old and scruffy.

One day she happened to meet Mrs. Forestier who still looked young. Matilda told her the whole story. Shocked at the story, Mrs. Forestier told her a shocking truth i.e. the diamond necklace that she had lent to Matilda had been made of artificial diamonds and was worth only five hundred francs.

Moral of The Necklace

The story tells us that one should not crave for luxuries. One must be satisfied and contented with what one has. Desires lead to unhappiness. Moreover, we should never hide the truth.

Summary of The Necklace in Hindi

एक महिला, मथिल्डे लोइसेल अपने पति के साथ एक फ्लैट में रहती थी। उन्होंने शिक्षा मंत्रालय के लिए एक क्लर्क के रूप में काम किया। वे एक शानदार जीवन नहीं जी पा रहे थे। हालांकि, वे गरीब नहीं थे, केवल सरल थे। हालाँकि, मथिल्डे की इच्छा समृद्ध होने की थी। एक बड़ा घर नहीं होने से वह चिढ़, निराश और उदास महसूस करती थी। इसके अलावा, वह अच्छे कपड़े, बहुत सारे गहने चाहती थी, जिससे वह दुखी थी।

एक दिन उसका पति उसे एक फैंसी पार्टी का निमंत्रण देता है। यह गेंद को निमंत्रण था। उसने सोचा कि निमंत्रण पत्र देखकर उसकी पत्नी बहुत उत्साहित होगी। हालांकि, उनकी पत्नी ने खुश होने के बजाय, निमंत्रण पत्र फेंक दिया और रोने लगी। उसने इतने शानदार मौके पर पहनने के लिए सुंदर ड्रेस नहीं होने की शिकायत की। वह सभी के लिए प्रशंसा चाहती थी। साथ ही, वह पार्टी में सफल होना चाहती थी। उनके सौम्य पति ने सुंदर पोशाक खरीदने के लिए उन्हें चार सौ फ्रैंक दिए। उसने राइफल खरीदने के लिए पैसे बचाए थे।

पार्टी का सप्ताह आ गया। उसकी पत्नी फिर से चिंतित लग रही थी। वह परेशान थी क्योंकि उसे लगता था कि उसके पास ड्रेस के साथ पहनने के लिए कोई गहने नहीं हैं। उसका पति उसे अपने दोस्त जीन फारेनियर से वही पूछने का सुझाव देता है। मथिल्डे उसके घर गए और एक शानदार हार उधार लिया।

मथिल्डे ने अपने पति के साथ पार्टी में खूब मस्ती की। वह सभी का ध्यान अपनी ओर खींचने में सफल रही। फिर, वे सुबह विषम समय के दौरान घर के लिए रवाना हुए। घर पहुंचने पर, मथिल्डे को उसके गले में हार नहीं मिलने पर आश्चर्य हुआ। वे दोनों महसूस करते थे कि यह उस कैब में गिर गया होगा, जिसे वे घर पहुंचने के लिए ले गए थे। इसके अलावा, उन्होंने उन सड़कों पर भी खोजा, जिनके माध्यम से वे आए हैं।

इसके अलावा, उसने पुलिस से संपर्क किया, विज्ञापन दिया लेकिन सभी व्यर्थ। उसके पति ने उसे अपने दोस्त को एक पत्र लिखने के लिए कहा। उसने लिखा है कि वह टूट गया था और उसे दुरुस्त किया जा रहा है। इस बीच, वे एक समान हार की खोज करने में सफल रहे। हालाँकि, इसकी कीमत छत्तीस हज़ार फ़्रैंक है। उनके पति को अपने पिता से अठारह हज़ार फ़्रैंक विरासत में मिले हैं। हालांकि, उन्हें बाकी पैसे उधार लेने पड़े। वे विरासत में मिली और उधार ली गई रकम के जरिए हार खरीदने में कामयाब रहे।

लेकिन उधारी की रकम चुकाने में उन्हें दस साल की अवधि लग गई। इन वर्षों में, उनके जीवन में काफी बदलाव आया है। वे एक छोटे से अपार्टमेंट में चले गए, खुद को साफ किया और पकाया। इसके अलावा, उनके पति ने रकम चुकाने के लिए कई काम किए। साथ ही, वह एक गरीब घर की एक मजबूत महिला की तरह दिखती थी। वह बहुत वृद्ध लग रहा था। एक दिन उसने सड़क पर मिस जेने फॉरेस्टियर को देखा। उसने हार के बारे में उसे सच बताने का फैसला किया। पूर्व की किसी न किसी उपस्थिति से दंग रह गया था। इसके अलावा, हार की सच्चाई जानने पर, जेन फारेनियर ने बताया कि यह एक नकली था। उसी का मूल्य पाँच सौ फ़्रैंक से अधिक नहीं था।

Difficult Words and their Meanings

Grand = glorious jewellery = ornament borrows = owes  pretty = beautiful destiny = luck distinguished = marked out, typical  incessantly = continuously  delicacies = tenderness luxuries = comforts apartment = house shabby = ugly tortured = tormented tureen = a dish delighted = pleased potpie = a sweet bread elegant = graceful exquisite = marvellous despair = hopelessness related = pridefully 

Inscribed = imprinted spitefully = with jealousy murmuring = speak in low voice irritated = offended declared = announced impatiently = restlessly stammered = spoke with halts stupefied = shocked dismay = grief violent = outrageous vexation = irritation colleague = co-worker grieved = pained reflected = meditated immediate = instant exclamation = surprise hesitating = doubting

Exactly = nearly larks = small singing bird adorn = to beautify chic = fashionable convinced = assured firmly  humiliating = degrading  Related = narrated uttered = pronounced distress = sorrow/trouble MT-4 closet = private room  admirable = praise worthy workmanship = skill in doing some work ecstatic = very delightful anxiety fear of uncertainty certainly = definitely
Embraced = folded in the arms  passion = a strong emotion the ball = group-dance enthusiasm = high spirit treasure = jewelsintoxicated highly pleasant salons = decorated rooms  wraps = shawls 

clashed detained = stopped descended = came down rapidly =  conflicted hailing = calling coachman = tonga driver carriage = tonga wearily = much tired removed = took off shivering = trembling
Cast down = shaved track = path advertisement = public announcement state = condition bewilderment = perplexity frightful = horrible clasp = link repaired= mended dictated = spoke loudly replace = to substitute chaplet = wreath

Perceive = to see minutely substitution = replacement horrible = terrible heroically = bravely lodgings = temporary habitation  odious = hateful haggling = quarrelling over prices restored = paid back awry = with twists flattered = false praise approached = went near recognise = to identify astonishment = amazement
Miserable = wretched loaned = owed  decently = with respect content = satisfied