NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy are provided here. With these solutions, you will learn the right way to write answers to the questions perfectly in exams. We have updated the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy for the current session so that you can easily score high marks in the exams. You can also download PDF of the solutions and use them whenever you are offline.

Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 NCERT Solutions

Question 1: How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?

Answer: Democracy produces an accountable, responsive and legitimate government by giving the citizen the right to examine the process by which decisions are made. These decisions are made according to norms and procedures which make the decisions more acceptable to the people. Added to this is the basic fact that in a democracy, the people have a right to elect their own government, and the candidate which is elected is thought to be capable enough to fulfil the demands of the people.

Question 2: What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities?

Answer: Democracies accommodate social diversities when it is well understood that democracy is not just the rule of the majority, and that the rule of the majority is not just the rule of a single religious or social community.

Question 3: Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:

(i) Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich.

(ii) Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.

(iii) The government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure.

(iv) In a democracy, all citizens have one vote, which means that there is an absence of any domination and conflict.

Answer: (i) This is a wrong statement as there is no relationship between democracy and industrial growth of a nation. The economic development of the nation is dependent upon the resources, policies and the government’s openness to attract investments. If the dictatorship could have brought wealth in the nation, then many countries such as Nigeria and Myanmar, which are under dictatorial rule, would have become rich.

(ii) Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens. This statement is incorrect. The Minimum Wages Act enacted by the government and other policies which regulate the basic price at which agricultural producers and small industries sell their goods, have helped increase the per capita income of the country, thereby making its citizens more prosperous.

(iii) Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure. This is not a wise option as in poor countries, the people cannot afford health and education services.

(iv) In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict. This is not true as conflict can be eliminated only in an ideal situation. In real democracies, though every person has one vote, there are divisions among the people. These divisions lead to conflict

Question 4: Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations:

(a) Following a High Court directive, a temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for Dalits and non-Dalits allowed entry for all from the same door.

Answer: The biggest challenge to democracy, in this case, is if such practices continue in the country, there is a threat that discrimination based on caste, colour and creed cannot be eliminated. If people indulge in such practices, legal actions can be taken against them. The Constitution clearly states that discrimination of any kind will be considered a crime and a big threat to the peace of the country. In such cases, serious actions must be taken against the people so that the communal harmony of the country does not gets disturbed.

(b) A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India.

Answer: A large number of farmers are committing suicides in different states of India because of the economic inequality in the country. Farmers in villages grow crops on a small piece of land, and if the weather conditions do not stay stable, the farmer has to suffer serious loss. He is further unable to repay the loan taken from the moneylender or the bank and gets overburdened by the loan. These cases have increased in the country over the past few years, and the poor farmers take such severe steps like committing suicide. The government should provide these farmers with cheap fertilizers and seeds and provide them with better irrigation methods.

(c) Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered.

Answer: Allegations of killing three civilians in Gandwara by the Jammu and Kashmir police in a fake encounter raises questions on the police force of the state. The challenge here is to control the power of the police and other authoritative officials.

Question 5: In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct − democracies have successfully eliminated:

A.  conflicts among people
B.  economic inequalities among people
C. differences of opinion about how marginalised sections are to be treated
D. the idea of political inequality

Answer: D. the idea of political inequality

Question 6: In the context of assessing democracy which among the following is odd one out. Democracies need to ensure:

A. free and fair elections
B. dignity of the individual
C. majority rule
D. equal treatment before law

Answer: C. majority rule

Question 7: Studies on political and social inequalities in democracy show that

A. democracy and development go together
Β. inequalities exist in democracies
C. inequalities do not exist under dictatorship
D. dictatorship is better than democracy

Answer: (B) inequalities exist in democracies

Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy: Chapter Overview

In this chapter, you will look at the expected and actual outcomes of democracy in various respects: quality of government, economic well-being, inequality, social differences and conflict and finally freedom and dignity.

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