NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy are given here. With these solutions, you will learn the right way to write answers to the questions perfectly in exams. We have updated the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy for the current session so that you can easily score high marks in the exams. You can also download PDF of the solutions and use them whenever you are offline.

Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 NCERT Solutions

1. Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?
(a) Mumbai and Nagpur           
(b) Silcher and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata          
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi

Answer: (b) Silcher and Porbandar

(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?
(a) Railways                  
(b) Roadways
(c) Pipeline                     
(d) Waterways

Answer: (c) Pipeline

(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?
(a) Madhya Pradesh          
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Gujarat                             
(d) Uttar Pradesh

Answer: (b) Maharashtra

(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east cost?
(a) Chennai                   
(b) Paradwip
(c) Tuticorin                 
(d) Vishakhapatnam

Answer: (d) Vishakhapatnam

(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?
(a) Pipeline                   
(b) Railways
(c) Roadways               
(d) Airways

Answer: (b) Railways

(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?
(a) Internal trade             
(b)International trade
(c) External trade            
(d) Local trade

Answer: (b) International trade

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) State any three merits of roadways.

Answer: Merits of roadways:

  • They are cheaper than railways in terms of construction costs.
  • Roads can go through dissected and undulating land areas and through steep mountains.
  • They are economical as loading costs are low and door to door service can be availed of.

(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?

Answer: In the northern plains, rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation. This is because this region has vast level lands that are good for laying tracks, and huge population and high agricultural productivity, making rail transport a profitable venture.

(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?

Answer: Border roads are of strategic importance and these roads in the bordering areas of the country have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain and have helped in the economic development of these areas.

(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?

Answer: Trade is the movement of goods and services between regions for economic gain. Trade between two or more countries is termed as international trade, while trade occurring in a region within the same country is called local trade.

3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?

Answer: The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy due to the reasons given below:

  • The means of transportation and communication help in the production and movement of goods and services.
  • Transport helps in the development of communication. Various means of communication help us in interacting with other in all the parts of the world It has brought the world closer.
  • Transport like railways help us in conducting various activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
  • Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
  •  Water provide the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade.
  • Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.

Thus, it is clear that there are many advantages of transportation and communication. These means help in the development of the country. So they are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.

(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.

Answer: Trade between countries is known as international trade. International trade has undergone a vast change in the last fifteen years. Exchange of goods and commodities have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge. For e.g., – India has emerged as a software giant at the international level, and it is earning large foreign exchange through the export of information technology.

International trade also depends on the relationship between the countries and other external factors like duties and tariffs on the transportation of goods. In the last fifteen years, different trade blocks have emerged which have changed how international trade was conducted previously.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy: Chapter Overview

Every day we travel from one place to another using different transportation methods. Today our country is linked with the rest of the world despite its vast size and diversity. Railways, waterways and airways are the foremost transportation method that is used in our country. In this chapter, you will learn about different modes of transportation in detail.