NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Maps

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science 6 Geography Chapter 4 Maps contains the answers to the exercise questions. These solutions are easy and accurate that helps with the questions asked in the examinations. The Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 covers all the questions of the chapter in detail. These solutions are prepared by our subject experts in very easy language. All our Class 6 NCERT solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 4

Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What are the three components of a map?
(b) What are the four cardinal directions?
(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?
(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.
(f) Which map provides detailed information?
(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?

Answer: (a) There are 3 components of a map

  • Distance
  • Direction
  • Symbol

(b) The four cardinal directions are – North, South, East and West.

(c) The scale of the map is defined as the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

There are two types of a map based on scale – Large scale map and small scale map.

(d) Maps provide more information than a globe. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole. But when we want to study only a part of the earth, as about a country or a state, globe is of little help. In such a situation only maps are useful.

Or

Maps are more useful than a globe as they provide us with a lot of information about the earth. Globe can be useful only when we want to study the Earth as a whole. But, when we want to study only a part of the Earth, only a map comes to be useful for this purpose.

Maps can be used to show finer details of the earth including its physical features such as mountains, plains, rivers, oceans, etc., and the political divisions of the earth like countries, states, cities, villages, etc. We can also know certain specific information about roads, rainfall, distribution of forests, industries, etc., using maps.

(e)

MapPlan
1. A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.1. A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.
2. It covers only the important features as it has to cover a larger portion of the earth.2. It gives every finer detail of an area or a place as it has to cover a small area.
3. It is drawn on a small scale.3. It is drawn on a large scale.

(f) Large scale map provides detailed information.

(g) Symbols represent roads, bridges, trees, railway lines, etc. through certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines. In this way, symbols are a convenient means of reading a map.

Question 2: Tick the correct answer.

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are
(i) Physical map
(ii) Thematic Map
(iii) Political map

Answer: (ii) Thematic Map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing
(i) Water bodies
(ii) Mountains
(iii) Plains

Answer: (i) Water bodies

(c) A compass is used –
(i) To show symbols
(ii) To find the main direction
(iii) To measure distance

Answer: (ii) To find the main direction

(d) A scale is necessary
(i) For a map
(ii) For a sketch
(iii) For symbols

 Answer: (i) For a map

Extra Questions

Very Short Answer Type Questions

1. When do you use a globe?

Answer: We use a globe when we want to study the earth as a whole.

2. What is an atlas?

Answer: An atlas is a collection of maps.

3. What do physical maps show? (Imp.)

Answer: Political maps show natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateans, plains, rivers, oceans, etc.

4. What do political maps show?

Answer: Political maps show cities, towns and villages and different countries and state of the world with their boundaries.

5. What do you mean by a thematic map?   [V. Imp.]

Answer: A map which gives focus on specific information is known as thematic map. For example, road maps, maps showing distribution of industries, etc.

6. Differentiate between a small scale map and a large scale map. [V. Imp.]

Answer: (i) A small scale map is used to show large areas like continents or countries on a paper while a large scale map is used to show a small area such as village or town on a paper.
(ii) A large scale map is more informative than a small scale map.

7.What is called the north line?

Answer: Maps usually contain an arrow marked with the letter ‘N at the upper right hand comer. This arrow shows the north direction and is called the north line.

8. What is a compass?

Answer: A compass is an instrument used to find out main directions.

9. What are conventional symbols?  [V. Imp.]

Answer: Some symbols have a fixed meaning and are understood uniformally throughout the world. Such symbols are known as conventional symbols.

10. What colours are used for the following:
(i) mountains
(ii) plains
(iii) plateaus
(iv) water bodies

Answer:
(i) Mountains – Brown colour
(ii)Plains – Green
(iii)Plateaus – Yellow
(iv)Water bodies – Blue

11. What is a sketch map?

Answer: A sketch map is a rough drawing of an area. It is drawn without scale.

12. What is a plan?

Answer: A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.

Short Answer Type Questions

1. Differentiate between a small scale map and a large scale map.  [V. Imp.]

Answer: (i) A small scale map is used to show large areas like continents or countries on a paper while a large scale map is used to show a small area such as village or town on a paper.
(ii)A large scale map is more informative than a small scale map.

2. What are cardinal points and intermediate directions? [Imp.]

Answer: The four major directions—North, South, East and West are called cardinal points. Beside these major directions we have four intermediate directions—North-east (NE), South-east (SE), South-west (SW) and North-west (NW). The intermediate directions are very helpful in locating any place more accurately.

3.Write a note on ‘compass’. [Imp.]

Answer: The direction of a place is traced out with the help of a compass. It is an instrument used to find out main directions. Its magnetic needle always points towards north-south direction.

Long Answer Type Questions

1. Define and discuss ‘distance’ as a component of a map.  [V. Imp.]

Answer: Maps are drawings. They reduce the whole world or a part of it to fit on a sheet of paper. In other words we can say that maps are drawn to reduced scales. But it needs great care while doing this reduction work in order to keep the distance between the real places. It can only be possible when a small distance on paper represents a large distance on the ground. For this purpose a scale is used.

Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. We can understand this with the help of an example. Suppose, the distance between your coaching centre and your school is 8 km. If you show this 8 km distance by 2 cm on a map. It means, 1 cm on the map will show 4 km on the ground. Thus, the scale of your drawing will be  1 cm = 4 km Scale is very important in any map.

If scale is known, calculation of distance between any two places on a map will be easy. A small scale is used to show large areas on a paper like continents or countries. For example, 10 cm on the map shows 1000 km of the ground. A large scale is used to show a small area like a village or town on paper. For example, 10 cm on the map shows 1000 metres only on the ground.

2. Give an account of ‘direction’ as a major component of a map. [Imp.]

Answer: Direction is an important component of a map. Most maps contain an arrow marked with the letter ‘N’ at the upper right hand comer. This arrow show the north direction. It is called the north line. After knowing the north direction, other directions, east, west and south can be easily found out.

There are four major directions—North, South, East and West. They are called cardinal points. Besides these, there are four intermediate directions. They are north-east (NE), south-east (SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW). Location of any place with more accuracy can be possible with the help of these intermediate directions.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Maps image 1

3. Discuss symbols as a major component of a map.   [V. Imp.]

Answer: Drawing different features such as buildings, roads, etc. in their actual shape and size on a map is perhaps not possible. It is therefore, they are shown by using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines. These are symbols that give a lot of information is a limited space.

With the use of these symbols, maps can be drawn easily and are simple to read. These symbols help us greatly in a situation when we don’t know the language of an area and therefore cannot ask someone for directions. We can collect information from maps with the help of these symbols.

Maps have a universal language, known and understood by all. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols, which are known as conventional symbols.

Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 NCERT Questions and Answers

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