Class 6 History Chapter 11 Buildings, Paintings, and Books Extra Questions and Answers
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Class 6 History Chapter 11 Extra Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Questions
1: Zero was an invention of _________.
2: Stupas were erected by Ashoka throughout his empire to enshrine the relics of _______________.
Answer: Mahatma Buddha
3: What is a stupa?
Answer: A stupa is a type of Buddhist monument.
4: The word”Stupa” means a mound. True/False
5: What are the various types of stupas?
Answer: There are several kinds of Stupas like round and tall, big and small
6: Name a well known stupa.
Answer: Sanchi Stupa is a wellknown among all Stupas.
7: The Aryabhatiyam was written by ___________.
8: Who was Aryabhata?
Answer: Aryabhata was a mathematician and an astronomer. He wrote the book Aryabhatiyam in Sanskrit.
9: What is Manimekalai ?
Answer: It describes the story of the daughter of Kovalan and Madhavi, the characters of the epic Silappadikaram
10: What are Epics?
Answer: Epics are grand, long compositions, about heroic men and women, and include stories about gods.
11: In which language puranas are written?
12: Meghaduta was written by ____________.
13: What is Silappadikaram?
Answer: A story of a merchant named Kovalan, who fell in love with a courtesan named Madhavi.
14: Name the Tamil epic that was composed by Sattanar.
15: Name the language in which puranas were written.
16: Name the two greatest Sanskrit epics.
Answer: Mahabharta and Ramayana
17: Mahabharta is the story of a war fought between ___________ and _______.
Answer: Kaurvas and Pandavas
18: Stupas were the master pieces of ________ art.
19: Name two tamil epics.
Answer: Silappadikaram and Manimekalai
20: The Manimekalai was composed by Sattanar around 1400 years ago.True/False
21: Name the place where the famous iron pillar is located.
22: The iron pillar at Mehrauli, Mumbai, is a remarkable example of the skill of Indian craftsmen. True/False
23: What is ‘Garbhagriha’?
Answer: a place where the image of the chief deity was placed
24: Who composed Mahabharta?
Answer: Ved Vyasa
25: Who was Ved Vyasa?
Answer: Ved Vyasa was a great seer, guru, author, poet and philosopher in the Hindu religion. He composed Mahabharata
26: Bhagvada Gita is a part of ____________.
27: Mention the feature of Bhagvada Gita.
Answer: It lays stress on many aspects of Bhakti.
28: Who composed Silapadikaram?
Answer: Illango who was the brother of Chera king Senaguttavan
29: Name the capital of Kosala.
30: Who was the author of Sanskrit Ramayana?
31: Ordinary people also told stories, composed poems and songs, which were preserved as _________ and ____________.
Answer: Panchatantra and Jatakas
32: Stories from the Jatakas were often shown on the railings of stupas and in paintings at places such as Ajanta. True/False
33: In which language Aryabhatiyam is written?
34: Aryabhatta’s contributions to science included inventing the way of calculating the circumference of a circle. True/False
35: Who invented paper?
Answer: It was invented by Cai Lun in China
36: In which state Bhitargaon is situated?
Answer: Uttar Pradesh
37: Why Bhitargaon is famous?
Answer: It is a famous temple site in uttar Pradesh
38: Shikhara is usually constructed over the top of ________.
39: Kannagi, the wife of Kovalan, mentioned in the Silappadikara, destroyed the city of _______.
40: Name the state where Amaravati is located at present.
Answer: Andhra Pradesh
41: Name the famous Tamil poet who wrote Silappadikaram.
Answer: Andhra Pradesh
42: In which direction Devotees walked around the stupa?
Answer: clockwise direction
43: The stories from the Jatakas were shown on the railings of the ________.
Answer: Buddhist stupas
44: How the colours which were used in the Ajanta caves were made of?
Answer: By plants and minerals
45: Kalidasa, one of the greatest Indian writers, used to write in Urdu. True/False.
46: Where the capital of the Kurus is located now?
Answer: Hastinapur at present is located near Meerut in Uttar Pradesh.
47: Name the person who compiled the Puranas and the Mahabharata.
48: The technique of making paper spread to Europe from ______________.
49: What is the most unique feature of the Ashokan pillar at Sarnath?
50: Name the centre of earliest Chalukyan art.
Short Answer Type Questions
1: What are Puranas?
Answer: Puranas written in simple sanskrit contain stories about gods and goddesses, details on how gods and goddesses were to be worshipped and accounts about the creation of the world and about the kings.
2: Explain Meghaduta written by Kalidasa.
Answer: In that poem, a monsoon cloud is imagined to be a messenger between two lovers who are separated from one another.
3: Who was Ilango Adigal
Answer: Ilango Adigal was a Chera Prince. Ilango Adigal was born in the Chera dynasty, which is now located in the modern state of Kerala. He was the brother of the Chera king Senaguttuvan.
4: Explain the two greatest Sanskrit epics.
Answer: The Mahabharata is about a war fought between the Kauravas and Pandavas, who were cousins.The Ramayana is about Rama, a prince of Kosala, who was sent into exile. His wife Sita was abducted by the king of Lanka, named Ravana, and Rama had to fight a battle to get her back.
5: Give an example of Mauryan arts.
Answer: The Mauryas were famous for their art and architecture. The pillar at Sarnath is very famous historical monument. The Sanchi Stupa is another famous piece of Mauryan architecture. It was built with bricks. It was built by Ashoka and enlarged later on.
6: Write short notes about the iron pillar at Mehrauli, Delhi.
Answer: It is made of iron, 7.2. meter high, about 1500 years ago. An inscription on the pillar mentions a ruler named Chandra, who probably belonged to the Gupta dynasty.
7: Write short notes on Valmiki?
Answer: Valimiki is recognized as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana. He was a Hindu sage who lived around the beginning of the firts millenium BC. He is referred to as the ‘adikavi’ the original creator of the Hindu slokas.
8: What do we learn from Aryabhatiyam?
Answer: It states that day and night were caused by rotation of the earth on its axis, even though it seems as if the sun is rising and setting everyday
9: List all the contribution of Aryabhatta to science.
Answer: Aryabhatta a mathematician in the times of Samudragupta stated that day and night were caused by the rotation of the earth on its axis, even though it seems as if the sun is rising and setting everyday. He developed a scientific explanation for eclipses and found way of calculating the circumference of a circle.
10: Write short notes on Garbhagriha.
Answer: Garbhagriha is the sanctum sanctorum of a temple. The idol of main deity is established in this small portion of the temple, which is situated in the centre of the temple. Shikahara where the presiding deity is enshrined is the most prominent and visible part of a Hindu temple of North India. In South India, it is called ’vimana’.
11: Write short notes on Amaravati Stupa.
Answer: The Amaravati Stupa is famous for its Buddhist art and architecture. This stupa was built in the pre Mauryan period. The architecture is decorated with carved panels, with stories of Buddha depicted on them.
12: Why do we celebrate Dusshera in India?
Answer: Ravana was the king of Lanka. In order to free his wife from Ravana, Rama waged a war against him. This conflict is considered as victory of Dharma over evil and is celebrated in the form of Dusshera in India.
13: Explain Jataka stories.
Answer: Jataka stories were the stories related to Buddha prior to his birth. Jatakas occupy great importance in Buddhist literature and they occur in many of the canonical Pitakas. They have been extensively used in the form of frescoes at many Buddhist works and railings at Sanchi.
14: Write short notes on attractive painting on the wall of Ajanta Caves.
Answer: The Ajanta caves have attractive paintings on the walls. The detailed work on the caves is outstanding. The themes of the paintings on the Ajanta caves depict the life of Lord Buddha. The paintings of Ajanta date from the late Gupta period to early Chalukya period.
15: What is the pradakshina path?
Answer: The path, known as Pradakshina path, was laid around the stupa. This was surrounded with railings and devotees walked around the stupa on this path to show their devotion.
16: What is relic casket?
Answer: At the centre of the stupa a small box is placed. According to historians, the small box may contain bodily remains (such as teeth, bone or ashes) of the Buddha or his followers, of things they used as well as precious stones or coins. This box is known as a relic casket. It was covered with earth.
17: Whose name is inscribed on the iron pillar at Mehrauli?
Answer: On the pillar a ruler’s name Chandra is mentioned. According to historians, the ruler probably belonged to the Gupta dynasty.
Long Answer Type Questions
1: What are epics? Mention two famous Tamil epics which were written around 1800 years ago.
Answer: Epics are grand, long compositions, about heroic men and women, which include stories about gods.
- A famous Tamil epic, the Silappadikaram, was composed around 1800 years ago, by a poet named Ilango.
- The Manimekalai was composed by Sattanar around 1400 years ago. These beautiful compositions were lost to scholars for many centuries, till their manuscripts were rediscovered, about a hundred years ago
2: What are main features of the Hindu temples built around 1800 years ago.
Answer: Main features of the Hindu temples built around this time were:
- The room where the image of the chief deity was placed was known as the garbhagriha. It was the most important part of the temple.
- The shikhara was built on top of the garbhagriha, to mark this out as a sacred place.
- Most temples also had a hall where people could assemble. This hall was known as the mandapa.
3: Write short notes on Silappadikaram?
Answer: Silappadikaram is a story of a merchant named Kovalan, who lived in Puhar and fell in love with a courtesan named Madhavi, neglecting his wife Kannagi. Later according to the epic, Kovalan and Kannagi left Puhar and went to Madurai, where he was wrongly accused of theft by the court jeweller of the Pandya king. The king sentenced Kovalan to death. Kannagi who still loved him, was full of grief and anger at this injustice and destroyed the entire city of Madurai.
4: What were Puranas? What do they contain?
Answer: Puranas were Hindu religious scriptures. They were written in simple Sanskrit verse, and meant to be heard by everybody, including women and Shudras. The Puranas were probably recited in temples by priests; people came to listen them.
They contained stories about gods and goddesses, such as Vishnu, Shiva, Durga or Parvati and detailed accounts on how these deities were to be worshipped. The Puranas gave details about the creation of the world and about the kings.
5: What are common features of the stupas?
Answer: The Stupas are a good example of Buddhist art. Some of its main features are:
- It consists of a circular base with supporting a massive solid dome.
- The whole of the Stupa is encircled by a path known as pradakshina path. This path was surrounded with railing.
- Entrance to the path was through gateways. In Sanchi stupa there are four gateways.
6: Who was Aryabhata? Name one book that he wrote.
Answer: Aryabhata was a mathematician and astronomer. He wrote a book in Sanskrit known as Aryabhatiyam. In this book, he stated that day and night were caused by the rotation of the earth on its axis. He also formulated a scientific explanation for eclipses. He also found a way of calculating the circumference of a circle, which is nearly as accurate as the formula used now-a-days.
7: What were the different stages in building a stupa or temple?
Answer: Since it was expensive to build these stupas or temples, which were usually built by kings and queens. There were different stages in the construction of these buildings:
- A place was carefully chosen for the new building.
- Good quality stone was found, quarried and transported to the chosen place.
- Here, these rough blocks of stones were shaped and carved into pillars and panels for walls, floors and ceilings. Finally, these were placed in precisely the right position.
8: How were stupas and temples built? Explain.
Answer: The stupas and the building of temples were usually decided by the queens or the kings, as it was an expensive affair. Some of the important steps followed during the construction of temples or stupas were –
- A good quality stone had to be found, quarried and transported to the place that was often carefully chosen for a new building.
- Rough blocks of stone had to be shaped and carved into pillars and panels for walls, floors and ceilings.
- All these things had to be placed in precisely a correct and religiously right position.
- The names of the queen and king, and several other persons were inscribed on the pillars, railings and wall of buildings.
9: What are monolithic temples?
Answer: A monolith is a monument or natural feature consisting of a single massive stone or rock. A monolithic temple is thus a rock-cut temple, carved from a single large rock, and excavated and cut to imitate a wooden or masonry temple with wall decorations and works of art. Carving out of monolithic temples is known to have been started during the Pallava dynasty. The Pancha Rathas is one of the nine monolithic temples at Mahabalipuram, and is a fine example of monolith Indian rock-cut architecture dating back to late 7th century. The Kailash Temple at Ellora is another singular monolithic temple since it was excavated from the top down rather than by the usual practice of carving into the scarp of a hillside. This temple was created through a single, huge top-down excavation 100 feet deep, down into the volcanic basaltic cliff rock.
10: Who paid for building the stupas and temples?
Answer: Stupas and temples were usually built by the kings and queens as it was an expensive affair. The kings and queens probably spent money from their treasury to pay the craftsmen who worked to build these splendid structures. Besides, when devotees came to visit the temple or the stupa, they often brought gifts, which were used to decorate the buildings. For example, an association of ivory workers paid for one of the beautiful gateways at Sanchi. Among the others who paid for decorations were merchants, farmers, garland makers, perfume sellers, smiths, and hundreds of men and women who were known only by their names which were inscribed on pillars, railings and walls.