NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation are given below. These solutions contain answers to all the exercise questions given in the Geography textbook. All our solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers of Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation are provided here in PDF format.

Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation NCERT Solutions

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Exercise Questions

Question 1: List two Fundamental Rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they be treated with dignity and as equals. Re-read the Fundamental Rights listed on page 14 to help you answer this question.

Answer: The fundamental rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they be treated with dignity and as equals are: (any two)

(i) Right to Equality: All persons are equal before the law. No one can be discriminated on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender or place of birth.

(ii) Right to Freedom: This includes freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or union or cooperatives, movement, residence, and right to practice any profession or occupation..

(iii) Right against Exploitation: It prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour and trafficking of human beings.

Question 2: Re-read the story on Rathnam as well as the provisions of the 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. Now list one reason why you think he used this law to file a complaint.

Answer: Rathnam used the 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act to file a complaint because on his refusal to perform a degrading ritual, the Dalit man was ostracized from his community, his hut set on fire and he was forced to move out of his village. These were all atrocities committed on a caste bias and humiliation forced down upon the Dalits. The 1989 Act lists modes of humiliation, actions dispossessing Dalits and Adivasis of their meagre resources and crimes against Dalit and tribal women as crimes.

Question 3: Why do Adivasi activists, including C.K. Janu, believe that Adivasis can also use this 1989 Act to fight against dispossession? Is there anything specific in the provisions of the Act that allows her to believe this?

Answer: The Adivasi activists, including C.K. Janu, believe that Adivasis can use the 1989 Act to fight against dispossession because this Act guarantees the tribals not to be dispossessed from the land resources forcibly. They  specifically pointed out that this Act merely confirms what has already been promised to the tribal people in the Constitution that the land owned by any tribal people cannot be sold to or bought by non-tribal people. In cases where this has happened, the constitution also guarantees that the right of the tribal people to repossess their land.

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