NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Industries are given below. These solutions contain answers to all the exercise questions given in the Geography textbook. All our solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers of Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries are provided here in PDF format.

Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries NCERT Solutions

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Exercise Questions

1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What is meant by the term ‘industry’?

Answer: The term ‘industry’ refers to an economic activity that is concerned with the production of goods (e.g., iron and steel industry), extraction of minerals (e.g., coal mining industry) or provision of services (e.g., tourism industry).

(ii) Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

Answer: Factors influencing the location of an industry:

  • Availability of raw material
  • Availability of land
  • Adequate supply of water
  • Adequate supply of labour
  • Access to power
  • Amount of capital
  • Access to transport
  • Presence of market

(iii) Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?

Answer: The iron and steel industry is called the backbone of the modern industry. This is because almost everything we use is either made of iron or steel or has been made with the tools and machinery of these metals. This industry is basically the feeder industry, whose products are the raw materials for other industries.

(iv) Why did cotton textile industry rapidly expanding Mumbai?

Answer: The cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai due to the following favourable factors:

  • Warm and moist climate
  • Availability of the port for importing of machinery
  • Availability of raw material
  • Availability of skilled labour

(v) What are the similarities between information technology industry in Bengaluru and California?

Answer: Similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California:

  • Presence of high quality educational institutions, and advanced scientific and technological centres
  • Pleasant climate and clean environment.
  • Presence of good quality, skilled workforce.
  • Access to markets.
  • Well-developed and well-connected.

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Fort Gloster is located in

(a) West Bengal
(b) California
(c) Gujrat

Answer: (a) West Bengal

(ii) Which one of the following is a natural fibre?

(a) nylon
(b) jute
(c) acrylic

Answer: (b) Jute

3. Distinguish between the followings.

(i) Agro-based and mineral based industry

Agro-based industry  Mineral-based industry
Uses plant and animal products as raw materials.  Uses mineral ores as raw materials.  
Source of employment for people in rural areas.  Source of employment for people in rural as well as urban areas.  
Example: Dairy industry, cotton textile industry.  Example: Iron and steel industry, heavy machinery industry.  

(ii) Public sector and joint sector industry

Public-sector industry  Joint-sector industry
Owned and operated by the government.  Jointly owned and operated by the government and individuals or a group of individuals.  
Example: Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Steel Authority of India Limited.  Example: Maruti Udyog Limited.  

4. Give two examples of the following in the space provided :

(i) Raw Materials: _____________ and _____________________

Answer: Iron ore and Cotton

(ii) End products: _______________ and _________________________

Answer: Steel and Cloth

(iii) Tertiary Activities: ________________ and __________

Answer: Transport and banking

(iv) Agro-based Industries: ____________ and ____________

Answer: Dairy and Sugar

(v) Cottage Industries: ___________ and ________________

Answer: pottery and basket weaving

(vi) Co-operatives: ______________________ and _____________

Answer: Mother Dairy and Anand Milk Union Limited (Amul)

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