NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 1 How, When and Where are given below. These solutions contain answers to all the exercise questions given in the History textbook (Our Pasts III). All our solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers of Class 8 History Chapter 1 are provided here in PDF format.
Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where NCERT Solutions
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Question 1: State whether true or false:
(a) James Mill divided Indian History into three periods- Hindu, Muslim, and Christian
(b) Official documents help us to understand what the people of the country think.
(c) The British thought surveys were important for effective administration.
Question 2: What is the problem with the periodisation of Indian History that James Mill offers?
Answer: In his massive three-volume work, A History of British India, James Mill divides Indian history into three periods − Hindu, Muslim and British. According to his prejudiced version of Indian history, the British rule represents all the forces of progress and civilisation, while the period before British rule represents darkness, ignorance, despotism, religious intolerance, caste taboos, superstitious practices, etc. However, the periodisation of Indian History on the basis of religion is problematic for several reasons. A variety of faiths, apart from Hinduism and Islam, existed in the periods categorised as Hindu and Muslim by Mill. Also, it is not right to classify an age according to the religion of the rulers of the time. To do so would suggest that the lives and the practices of the others do not really matter. Another point to keep in mind is that all rulers in ancient India did not share the same faith.
Question 3: Why did the British preserve official documents?
Answer: British preserved official documents, because they thought that by keeping all the records in written it would be easier for them or any other persons to know about the decisions taken in the past. they clearly noted down all the policies, instructions, plans, agreement and important things related to the administration of the country, so that in the future, those records can serve as proofs of all the decisions that they had taken. One can study the notes and reports that were prepared in the past.
Question 4: How will the information historians get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports?
Answer: Information is essential for writing history of a time which can be gathered from various sources. Apart from official documents in the archives, historians gather information also from old newspapers, diaries of people, accounts of pilgrims, autobiographies of important personalities and booklets etc.
Newspapers provide accounts of the movements in different parts of the country. Information found in newspapers is varied, based on incidents that have happened across the country. They may be showcasing incidents based on the views and thinking of the correspondents, news editors etc. Whereas, the police reports are true, pragmatic, limited and localized. Because of this fact, sometimes the information historians get from the old newspapers, are not as useful as it is from that found in police reports. However, for any incidence, the newspaper may not quote all the reasons behind it and it would be biased as per the thinking of reporter while in police records we could find some evidence for an incident and unbiased reports.
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