NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age are given below. These solutions contain answers to all the exercise questions given in the History textbook (Our Pasts III). All our solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers of Class 8 History Chapter 4 are provided here in PDF format.
Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age NCERT Solutions
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Question 1: Fill in the blanks:
(a) The British described the tribal people as ______________.
(b) The method of sowing seeds in jhum cultivation is known as __________.
(c) The tribal chiefs got ________ titles in central India under the British land settlements.
(d) Tribals went to work in the __________ of Assam, and the _________ in Bihar.
(a) The British described the tribal people as wild and savage.
(b) The method of sowing seeds in jhum cultivation is known as broadcasting.
(c) The tribal chiefs got land titles in central India under the British land settlements.
(d) Tribals went to work in the tea plantations of Assam and the coal mines in Bihar.
Question 2: State whether true or false:
(a) Jhum cultivators plough the land and sow seeds.
(b) Cocoons were bought from the Santhals and sold by the traders at five times the purchase price.
(c) Birsa urged his followers to purify themselves give up drinking liquor and stop believing in witchcraft and sorcery.
(d) The British wanted to preserve the tribal way of life.
Question 3: What problems did shifting cultivators face under British rule?
Answer: British always had problems with shifting cultivators, as they were always moving for pasture lands. The british wanted the shifting cultivators to become peasant cultivators. The British thought it was easier to control and administer peasant cultivators than shifting cultivators. Hence, shifting cultivators faced problems when the company planned the land revenue system.
Question 4: How did the powers of tribal chiefs change under colonial rule?
Answer: The functions and powers of the tribal chiefs changed considerably under the British rule. They lost much of their administrative power. They were forced to follow the laws made by the British. They had to pay tribute to the British. They were expected to discipline their people on behalf of the British government. Hence, under the colonial rule they lost the authority they had earlier enjoyed amongst their people and were unable to fulfill their traditional functions.
Question 5: What accounts for the anger of the tribals against the dikus?
Answer: Tribals were not happy with dikus who were considered as ‘outsiders’ by them. Tribals wanted to be shifting cultivators and not be peasant cultivators. The dikus were settling in at the tribals’ lands, wanting the latter to sell their lands or rent their lands on very high-interest rates. This made the tribals unhappy. Also, the tribal chiefs lost their administrative powers under British rule. Later, the tribals were evacuated from their lands and they had to look for other livelihood options.
Question 6: What was Birsa’s vision of a golden age? Why doyou think such a vision appealed to the people of the region?
Answer: Birsa talked about a golden age, an age of truth in which, The tribal sirdars talked of a golden age. This was an age when the Mundas had been free from the oppression of dikus (enemies). They visualized of a time when the ancestral right of the community would be restored. His golden age consisted of a reformed tribal society in which there was no place for vices like liquor, uncleanliness, witchcraft and sorcery, and outside forces like the missionaries, Hindu landlords, moneylenders, traders and the Europeans. The vision of a golden age was like a dream for the tribal people. Hence, this vision appealed to the people of the region.
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