NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter Civilising the Native, Educating the Nation are given below. These solutions contain answers to all the exercise questions given in the History textbook (Our Pasts III). All our solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers of Class 8 History Chapter 7 are provided here in PDF format.
Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation NCERT Solutions
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Question 1: Match the following:
|William jones||Promotion of English education|
|Rabindranath Tagore||Respect for ancient cultures|
|Mahatma Gandhi||Learning in a natural environment|
|Pathshalas||Critical of English education|
|William jones||Respect for ancient cultures|
|Rabindranath Tagore||Learning in a natural environment|
|Thomas Macaulay||Promotion of English education|
|Mahatma Gandhi||Critical of English education|
Question 2: State whether true or false:
(a) James Mill was a severe critic of the Orientalists.
(b) The 1854 Despatch on education was in favour of English being introduced as a medium of higher education in India.
(c) Mahatma Gandhi thought that promotion of literacy was the most important aim of education.
(d) Rabindranath Tagore felt that children ought to be subjected to strict discipline.
Question 3: Why did William Jones feel the need to study Indian history, philosophy and law?
Answer: William Jones felt the need to study Indian history, philosophy and law as this will not only help the British learn from Indian culture but it would also help Indian to rediscover their own heritage and understand the lost glories of their past. This would establish the British as guardians of Indian culture and gain total control.
Question 4: Why did James Mill and Thomas Macaulay think that European education was essential in India?
Answer: James Mill and Thomas Macaulay felt that knowledge of English would allow Indians to read some of the finest literature that the world had produced; it would make them aware of the developments in Western science and philosophy. The teaching of English could thus be a way of ‘civilising’ people, changing their tastes, values and culture. They also felt that the aim of education should be to teach what was useful and practical. So Indians should be made familiar with the scientific and technical advances that the West had made, rather than with the poetry and sacred literature of the ‘Orient’.
Question 5: Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts?
Solution: Mahatma Gandhi wanted to teach children handicraft because that would develop their minds and their capacity to understand. This would also enable them to know how different things operated. This would help them to have lived experience and practical knowledge.
Question 6: Why did Mahatma Gandhi think that English education had enslaved Indians?
Answer: English or colonial education, according to Mahatma Gandhi, created a sense of inferiority in the minds of Indians. It made them see Western civilisation as superior, and destroyed their pride in their own culture. Thus charmed by the West and by everything coming from the West, the Indians educated under the colonial system would end up being the admirers of British rule in India; thus, willingly forgetting their enslavement, and enslaving themselves further.