NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws are given below. These solutions contain answers to all the exercise questions given in the Geography textbook. All our solutions are updated as per the latest CBSE Syllabus and Guidelines. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers of Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws are provided here in PDF format.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws NCERT Solutions
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Question 1: Write in your own words what you understand by the term the ‘rule of law’. In your response include a fictitious or real example of a violation of the rule of law.
Answer: The rule of law is a provision of the Indian Constitution that states that all people in independent India are equal before the law. Every law is equal for every citizen in the country. Neither the President or any other high official is above the law. The punishment for any crime committed will be the same for every person, irrespective of post or power. For example if a Clerk is punished for corruption, the same punishment needs to be given to a higher Official or Minister for committing the same crime of corruption.
Question 2: State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.
Answer: The two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the Rule of Law in India are –
(i) Colonial law was arbitrary, e.g. Sedition Act of 1870. According to the Act, any person who protested or criticized British authority could be punished without a trial.
(ii) Indian nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal sphere in British India. Indian lawyers began defending Indians and fighting for their rights. Indian judges also played a major role in decision-making.
Question 3: Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen.
Answer: Women’s groups worked hard and untiringly towards the passing of the new law on domestic violence in India. They used different forums like public protests, hearings, meetings with other organizations, press conferences and petitions to the government to introduce a new reformed bill on domestic violence to include demands like monetary relief and protection against being evicted from the shared household. While earlier, domestic violence only entailed “injury or harm or threat of injury or harm” by an adult male against a woman. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005 extended to include physical, economic, sexual, verbal and emotional abuse.
Question 4: Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentence on page 44- 45: They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to law as including ideas of justice.
Answer: During the colonial period, Indians were being discriminated in their own country by the British government. They were forced to follow the set of rules and laws that were arbitrary. The Sedition Act of 1870 is one example of the arbitrary law that came to be a turning point in the struggle for freedom in India. According to the Sedition Act any person protesting or criticising the British government could be arrested without due trial. Indian nationalists began protesting and criticising this arbitrary use of authority by the British. They began to fight for their rights and wanted a set of rules that were equal for all.